To understand the dark web, you need to first understand the internet as a whole. The everyday web is where you read, shop, listen to music, watch movies and send emails. Billions of websites are recognized by search engines like Google who deliver content to you in a fraction of a second.
The dark web, on the other hand, doesn't invite casual access. A user needs a special browser to get to it, because the dark web's main goal is to hide identities and activities. It uses something called relays to spread information around the globe, making it especially difficult to follow. And all information is encrypted.
This anonymity invites illegal activities and is a marketplace for stolen personal and financial information.
Oddly enough, the dark web can also be used for beneficial purposes, such as allowing journalists to communicate with people under repressive governments who regularly monitor or prohibit internet usage.
Trading stolen financial data.
The dark web is how scammers and hackers communicate with each other and trade stolen personal information, financial records, and payment. They use digital currencies such as Bitcoin, which is also difficult to track. Law enforcement agencies around the world spend much time and resources in an effort to track this illegal trade in information.
The best advice? Keep your distance.
On the dark web, no ID and no way to track a user's location means you never really know who is communicating with you. To keep your personal information and financial data secure, you should avoid it completely. And if you think your personal and financial information is on the dark web, contact the FBI or other authorities.
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